品种鉴别
巴厘猫 - Balinese Breed Profile

巴厘猫是哈瓦那猫种群里的长毛型变种,是从在美国出生的暹逻猫幼崽中自然产生的毛发较长的个体演变过来的。巴厘猫被毛光滑漂亮,体态高雅,动物专家正是因为这种猫的优美体形和婀娜多姿的动作,联想起印尼巴厘岛土著舞蹈演员的姿态而给以命名的,实际上和巴厘岛没有地域关系。

巴厘猫亦称巴厘岛猫、爪哇猫,是由暹罗猫自然变异或隐没遗传性状产生的,故最初被叫做长毛暹罗猫。巴厘猫原产于美国,它是本世纪初在美国纽约州的贝伦史密斯夫人饲养的逼罗猫后代中发现的长毛突变种,经一系列的选育、纯化、繁育而成。1963年在美国首次被承认,现为世界各地极受欢迎的品种之一。

  巴厘猫基本上是一种长毛暹罗猫,也是瘦长体型。与其他长毛猫相比,柔软如貂皮

的被毛比较短,没有形成颈毛。其身材修长、苗条,肌肉发育良好,这种猫毛长5厘米左右,毛色和暹罗猫完全相同。从总体上看,巴里猫是一种体态高雅而非常显眼的猫。该品种猫的特征是长着一条华丽而硕大的长尾巴。它有着与暹逻猫相同的中等苗条身躯,不过全身皮毛如丝绸般柔软,毛发的长度达50毫米,属于中等长度。但巴厘猫并不需要像其他长毛猫那样精心梳理。

外形特征

     体形:外貌与暹罗猫相似,为中等身材,呈流线型。

  头部:中等大小。长而呈三角形,带直线轮廓。头骨稍凸;或扁平,吻部细腻。没有鼻或髭毛边界。鼻梁长而直。下巴中等尺寸。

  耳朵:大而尖,基部宽,间距大。耳内毛发丰富。从下颌起保持V字形轮廓。猞猁尖为佳。

  眼睛:大小中等,杏仁形,眼梢略斜向鼻。颜色:深蓝

  颈:长,细,优雅

  身体:身材苗条、修长、呈流线形,为典型的东方型猫体态。骨胳纤细,肌肉紧凑,肋骨扩展,胸为圆筒形。腹部上收,但不卷起。颈部曲线舒展、清晰,与头部结合灵活,典雅。

  四肢:圆柱形体型协调、匀称;后肢比前肢高,呈高腰状。腿长而纤细,长度和身体成比例。小而呈椭圆形的爪,趾间有毛。

  尾巴:尾长而细,尾端尖,尾上有丰富的长饰毛,下垂。从基部到尾尖逐渐变细。

  被毛:中长,丝质,细腻。身体,腹部和尾部被毛较长。微有底色绒毛。所有暹罗猫的颜色都是可以接受。重点色必须一致。重点色和身体色之间要求有强烈的对比。小毛出生时为全白。1岁时成年猫的颜色才稳定下来。CFA只承认4个变种:棕色重点色:深棕色重点色,蓝色重点色:深蓝 色重点色,巧克力重点色:奶油巧克力重点色淡紫色重点色:霜灰重点色其它颜色的巴厘猫在美国称为爪哇猫。但在法国巴厘猫和爪哇猫是没有区别开来的。
 

About the Balinese

What’s so great about a Balinese cat? Everything! Ask anyone who is owned by one of these fabulous felines what is so special about the breed, and you set off a glowing monologue that ends only when the speaker is exhausted. Despite his regal bearing and aristocratic appearance, the Balinese is a clown with a heart as big as a circus tent. To gauge the level of his intelligence, you have only to gaze into those sapphire eyes which sparkle with alertness and healthy curiosity. Although he is every bit as demonstrative and affectionate as the Siamese, he is somewhat less vocal, and his voice is softer.

Balinese enhance the elegance, grace and intelligence of the Siamese with the luxury of a silky flowing coat. Named for the graceful dancers of Bali, the coat is the most unique feature of the breed. It does not mat and lays close to the body, flowing along the cat’s lines, the tail forming a proud plume. It was initially accepted by CFA in the traditional Siamese colors. The lynx (tabby) point, tortie point patterns and other “non-traditional” Siamese colors were accepted in 1979 as a separate breed, the Javanese. In 2008, the breeders voted to merge the two, bringing the breeds more in line with other registries around the world.

It is generally accepted that the breed originated as a spontaneous longhaired mutation of the Siamese cat. Apparently, Mother Nature decided that the already glorious Siamese could be made even more glorious by adding the long, flowing coat to the svelte body lines of this graceful oriental beauty.

Coat length is the primary difference between the Siamese and the Balinese. Although it is probable that occasional longhaired kittens had been turning up in pedigreed Siamese litters long before they attracted the interest of a few imaginative breeders, no serious effort was made to promote the longhairs as a new breed until the 1940’s.

The breed standard of the Cat Fanciers’ Association describes the ideal Balinese as a svelte cat with long tapering lines, very lithe but strong and muscular, unique with its distinct range of colors and silky coat that hides a supple and athletic body. Like its ancestor breed, the Siamese, nearly everything about the Balinese is l-o-n-g, including body, head, legs and tail. It goes one step further than the Siamese in that its coat length is also long. The most distinctive feature of the Balinese is its luxurious tail plume.

Because the Balinese has a single coat, in contrast to the double coat of other longhairs, the hair lies close to the body, flowing naturally toward the rear. Thus, it does not detract from the long, slim lines of the basic body structure. Grooming is simple, for the coat does not mat like the double coat of most longhaired breeds.

Usually breeders make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations and developed the physical and social stability needed for a new environment, showing, or being transported by air. Keeping such a rare treasure indoors, neutering or spaying, and providing acceptable surfaces (e.g. scratching posts) for the natural behavior of scratching (CFA disapproves of declawing or tendonectomy surgery) are essential elements for maintaining a healthy, long and joyful life. For more information, please contact the Breed Council Secretary for this breed.

Pictured: Best of Breed
GC, BW, RW DERRY DOWNS SUGAR IS SWEET,
Lilac Point Balinese Male
Photo: © Chanan
 
Take one Siamese cat ... add one ermine coat ... instant Balinese! What’s so great about a Balinese cat? Everything! Ask anyone who is owned by one of these fabulous felines what is so special about the breed, and you set off a glowing monologue that ends only when the speaker is exhausted.
   
Under that long, silky ermine coat he wears so proudly, this beautiful cat is all Siamese, and that includes his personality. Despite his regal bearing and aristocratic appearance, he is a clown with a heart as big as a circus tent. To gauge the level of his intelligence, you have only to gaze into those sapphire eyes which sparkle with alertness and healthy curiosity. Although he is every bit as demonstrative and affectionate as the Siamese, he is somewhat less vocal and his voice is softer. Grooming is simple, for the coat does not mat like the double coat of most longhaired breeds.
   
It is generally accepted that the breed originated as a spontaneous longhaired mutation of the Siamese cat. Apparently, Mother Nature decided that the already glorious Siamese could be made even more glorious by adding the long flowing coat to the svelte body lines of this graceful oriental beauty.
 
         
Balinese
Pictured: Best of Breed
CH PAVIR PALE RYDER,
Lilac Point Balinese Female
Photo: ©
 
Coat length is the only difference between the Siamese and the Balinese. Although it is probable that occasional longhaired kittens had been turning up in pedigreed Siamese litters long before they attracted the interest of a few imaginative breeders, no serious effort was made to promote the longhairs as a new breed until the 1940’s.  
   
The breed standard of The Cat Fanciers’ Association describes the Balinese as a svelte, dainty cat with long tapering lines, very lithe but muscular. Like its ancestor breed, the Siamese, nearly everything about the Balinese is l-o-n-g, including body, head, legs, and tail. It goes one step further than the Siamese in that its coat is also long. The most distinctive feature of the Balinese is its luxurious tail plume.  
   
Because the Balinese has a single coat, in contrast to the double coat of other longhairs, the hair lies close to the body, flowing naturally toward the rear. Thus, it does not detract from the long, slim, lines of the basic body structure.    
   
The only point colors recognized by CFA are the same colors recognized in the pedigreed Siamese: seal point, blue point, chocolate point and lilac point.
 
Balinese
Pictured: Third Best of Breed
PAVIR SATINA CARESS OF BRINE ACRES, Lilac Point Balinese Female
Photo: ©
     
Pricing on Balinese usually depends on type, applicable markings and bloodlines distinguished by Grand Champion (GC), National Regional winning parentage (NW or RW) or of Distinguished Merit parentage (DM). The DM title is achieved by the dam (mother) having produced five CFA grand champion/premier (alter) or DM offspring, or sire (father) having produced fifteen CFA grand champion/premier or DM offspring. Usually breeders make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations and developed the physical and social stability needed for a new environment, showing, or being transported by air. Keeping such a rare treasure indoors, neutering or spaying and providing acceptable surfaces (e.g. scratching posts) for the natural behavior of scratching (CFA disapproves of declawing or tendonectomy surgery) are essential elements for maintaining a healthy, long and joyful life.    

There are CFA clubs devoted to the promotion, protection and preservation of the Balinese breed. For more information, please send inquiries to CFA at cfa@cfa.org.

Text: Continental Balinese Club
Last Updated: Monday, August 04, 2003

 
 
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