品种鉴别
亚比西尼亚猫 - Abyssinian
大约在1860年古埃及猫被一位英国军官从阿比西尼亚(今埃塞俄比亚)带回英国,经过许多养猫爱好者精心培育完善,使其迅速传播开来,但直到1929年才建立了此类猫的品种标准,既而成立了阿比西尼亚猫爱好者俱乐部。由于第二次世界大战以及1960年和1970年猫白血病的大流行,几乎使此猫在英国绝迹。后来又从国外引进,经过精心培育,形成了今天的阿比西尼亚猫。改良过的阿比西尼亚猫,身体修长,四肢高而细,尾长而尖,头略尖,眼大而圆,眼睛为金黄色、绿色或淡褐色,耳朵大且直力,耳内长毛。毛短,毛色漂亮,最常见的毛色是黄褐色,间有黑色杂毛。被毛细密,绒毛层较发达,富有弹性。这种猫喜欢独居,善爬树,体态轻盈,性情温和,很通人性,是非常理想的伴侣。值得一提的是阿比西尼亚猫的那宛如小狮子似的外表显得它更加可爱,而且非常聪明,叫声小而悦耳。无论你住在公寓还是家属楼都可以放心的饲养这种猫。
 
阿比西尼亚猫又称埃塞俄比亚猫、又因步态优美被誉为芭蕾舞猫。而阿比西尼亚猫的毛色同野兔相像,英国人亦称它为兔猫或球猫。阿比西尼亚猫仪表堂堂、尊贵、庄严、天生一副帝王之相,加上它红黄相间、深浅不一、变化莫测、华丽动人的被毛,使不少爱猫者为之倾倒。阿比西尼亚猫是短毛猫中的贵族,也是世界上最流行的短毛猫之一,尤受北美爱猫人士的欢迎。但是阿比西尼亚猫的繁殖率不是很高,所以也非常稀有而珍贵。起 源:阿比西尼亚猫历史悠久,原产于阿比西尼亚(今埃塞俄比亚)。在保存下来的古埃及神猫的木乃伊中,有一种血红色的猫与它十分相像,因此,许多人认为它是古埃及神猫的直后代。由于它的整体外形、毛色、直立耳均同非洲山猫接近,亦有人认为它源于非洲山猫。
 
历 史:1860年,一位英国军官把数十只阿比西尼亚猫由黑色非洲带到大不列颠,接着便对这种猫进行了精心的培育,使其迅速地传播开来。1929年确立了阿比西尼亚猫的品种标准,继而又成立了阿比西尼亚猫爱好者俱乐部,并对这种猫做了进一步的选育和改良工作,终于形成了我们今天见到的阿比西尼亚猫。
 
性 格:阿比西尼亚猫热情可爱,活泼好动,警觉敏捷,善于登高爬树,爱晒太阳和玩水,叫声轻柔悦耳,对主人极富感情,是人们非常理想的伴侣动物,尤其适合喜爱宠物、耐心细致、童心未泯的赋闲老者。
 
种标准
头部:头形精巧,为稍带圆的三角形。鼻梁稍隆,吻短而坚实,齿为剪式咬合 。
 
耳:耳大而直立,基部宽,耳廓边缘很薄,耳端稍尖并前倾。耳毛短而密,红褐色种毛尖黑色或黑褐色;红色种毛尖呈巧克力色。耳内长有饰毛。
 
眼睛:眼大呈杏仁形,略吊眼梢;眼缘黑色,周围为褐色毛覆盖。眼色为绿、黄、淡褐等色。
 
躯体:体型中等,体态轻盈,肌肉发达,各部比例匀称协调。
 
四肢:四肢细长,脚爪纤巧,与圆形而修长的身材协调一致。
 
趾:趾为小而坚实的卵形。立起时,能看到用爪尖站起来。 尾:尾长而尖,呈锥形,尾根部粗大。
 
被毛:被毛细密柔软,富有弹性。多数被毛红黄相间,深浅不一,加上折光作用而形成斑纹;活动时被毛颜色变化微妙,如丝绸般艳丽闪亮,极富魅力。
 
毛色:阿比西尼亚猫目前公认的毛色为两种,即红褐色种和红色种。红褐色种全身色调为红褐色。毛尖呈黑色或黑褐色,近毛根部为红黄褐色。完全深色毛尖时,背部允许深色。下毛红黄褐色(红色、黄褐色交叉)层尖的毛尖黑色。前胸部、腹部和前肢内侧被毛颜色与整体颜色协调一致,以黄褐色最为理想。下腭部淡黄色。
 
鼻镜呈砖红色。足趾间黑色或茶色,足趾至爪尖都为黑色。眼睛从金黄色至绿色,越深越好。红色种全身色调为柔和而鲜明的红色,毛尖呈巧克力色,但以深红色为最理想。耳和尾端的毛尖为巧克力棕色。鼻镜为粉红色。足趾间粉红色,从足趾到爪尖呈巧克力棕色。
CFA对阿比西尼亚猫的评分标准
头部 25分:嘴 6分;头颅 6分; 耳朵 7分;眼形 6分
 
身体 30分:身躯 15分; 腿及脚 10分;尾巴 5分;
 
毛发、毛质 10分
 
颜色 35分 :毛色 15分;毛发条纹 15分;眼色 5分

About the Abyssinian

Although the Abyssinian is one of the oldest known breeds, there continues to be speculation and controversy concerning its history. In appearance, Abyssinians resemble the paintings and sculptures of ancient Egyptian cats which portray an elegant feline with a muscular body, beautiful arched neck, large ears and almond shaped eyes. Abys today still retain the jungle look of felis lybica, the African wildcat ancestor of all domestic cats.

The source of the name is not because Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia, is thought to be the original home of these cats, but because the first “Abyssinians” exhibited in shows in England were reported to have been imported from that country. The first mention is in the Harper’s Weekly (January 27, 1872 issue) where the 3rd prize in the December 1871 Crystal Palace show was taken by the Abyssinian Cat “captured in the late Abyssinian War.” This article is accompanied by an illustration of the Abyssinian Cat. In the British book, by Gordon Stables, Cats, Their Points, and Characteristics… published in 1874, there is also mention of an Abyssinian. The book shows a colored lithograph of a cat with a ticked coat and absence of tabby markings on the face, paws, and neck. The description reads: “Zula, the property of Mrs. Captain Barrett-Lennard. This cat was brought from Abyssinia at the conclusion of the war…” British troops left Abyssinia in May 1868, so that may have been the time when cats with ticked coats first entered England. Unfortunately, there are no written records tracing the early Abyssinians to those imported cats, and many British breeders are of the opinion that the breed was actually created through the crossing of the various existing silver and brown tabbies with native British “Bunny” ticked cats.

Recent studies by geneticists show that the most convincing origin of the Abyssinian breed is the coast of the Indian Ocean and parts of Southeast Asia. In fact, the earliest identifiable Aby is a taxidermal exhibit still residing in the Leiden Zoological Museum in Holland. This ruddy ticked cat was purchased around 1834-1836 from a supplier of small wild cat exhibits and labeled by the museum founder as “Patrie, domestica India.” Although the Abyssinian as a breed was refined in England, its introduction to that country and others may have been the result of colonists and merchants stopping in Calcutta, the major port for the Indian Ocean.

The first Abyssinians to be imported to North America from England arrived in the early 1900s, but it was not until the late 1930s that several top quality Abys were exported from Britain to form the foundation of today’s American breeding programs.

As described in the Abyssinian Breeders International Kitten Buyer’s Guide by Carolyn Osier, “Abyssinians must be one of the most intelligent animals ever created.” This handbook for the potential Aby owner describes these cats as “a very people-oriented cat. Not a lap cat…but a cat that likes to be with people, a cat that wants to know what you are doing – that wants to help. There is probably no breed anywhere more loyal than the Aby. Once you have acquired an Aby as a companion, you will never be able to complain that no one understands you. Abys are very good at training people to do just what they want them to do.”

Pricing on Abyssinians usually depends on type, applicable markings, and bloodlines distinguished by Grand Champion (GC), National or Regional winning parentage (NW or RW), or Distinguished Merit parentage (DM). The DM title is achieved by the dam (mother) having produced five CFA Grand Champion/Premier (alter) or DM offspring, or the sire (father) having produced fifteen CFA Grand Champion/Premier or DM offspring. Usually breeders make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations and developed the physical and social stability needed for a new environment, showing, or being transported by air. Keeping such a rare treasure indoors, neutering or spaying, and providing acceptable surfaces (e.g. scratching posts) for the natural behavior of scratching (CFA disapproves of declawing or tendonectomy surgery) are essential elements for maintaining a healthy, long, and joyful life. For more information, please contact the Breed Council Secretary for this breed.

 
 
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